How times have changed

cenusThis week in 1841 saw the fifth census of Great Britain – the first full census in which all names were recorded. But how have things changed since then and 2011, when our most recent census took place?


Then Now
Population of GB 26.7million (England, Scotland and Ireland combined). The population of London, already the largest city in the world, was 1.58million 63 million – with 8 million of those living in London (now only the 23rd largest city in the world)
Population of US 17million 310.5million
Life expectancy 40.2 years for men, 42.2 for women. More than 70 per cent of the population was under 35. Out of every 1,000 babies, 150 died before they were one 79.5 years for men, 82.5 for women. 66% of the population are aged between 15-64
Average number of children per family 5.5 1.7
Baby names The most popular girls’ names were Mary and Elizabeth. For boys it was John and William – a top four that remained unchanged for 50 years Amelia and Olivia are currently the most popular names for girls, with Harry and Oliver at the top for boys
Literacy rate Thought to be below 50%. 33 per cent of men and 44 percent of women signed marriage certificates with their “mark” as they were unable to write a signature 99% at age 15 and above
Occupations Manufacturing was the most dominant industry, accounting for 36% of the workforce, followed closely by services at 33%. The most popular occupation was domestic servant. 22% of people worked in agriculture and fishing Services are the dominant industries in England and Wales with four out of five (81%) working people in this sector. Less than one in 100 people currently work in agriculture


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